The National Expanded Programme on Immunization
  • Introducing Vaccination Week in the Western Pacific Region
  • Significant progress has been made in improving immunization rates in the Western Pacific. The Region has remained poliomyelitis-free despite the continued threat of wild poliovirus importations from other places in the world. Routine and supplementary immunization activities have reduced the number of reported measles cases by 96% from 3,381,826 in 1974 to 145,747 in 2008; and 25 countries and areas have either eliminated or nearly eliminated measles ahead of the 2012 goal.

  • 20-year achievements of EPI (1985 - 2010)
  • Vietnamese expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) began in 1981. Right after that, it had faced to various difficulties including transportation, people’s knowledge, health facilities and budget limitation. Traffic and lines communication, especially in remote areas, were too disadvantageous while the knowledge on vaccination and prevention was limited, commune health centre often overloaded with numerous services…

  • Operations
  • Despite the difficulties and challenges, the Government’s policies still keep the right direction and plan to develop EPI. As the results, EPI service has been expanded more and more firmly in the whole country. The milestones in the development of EPI are described shortly below:

  • Contents
  • Since 1985, Vietnam EPI has implemented 6 vaccines to prevent 6 diseases for children under 1 year old including tuberculosis, diphtheria, pertusis, tetanus, polio and measles. Since 1997, Vietnam EPI has implemented some new vaccines such as Hepatitis B, Japanese Encephalitis, Cholera, and Typhoid vaccines. Due to the limitation of state budget, Japanese Encephalitis, Cholera, and Typhoid vaccines have been implemented only in high risk areas.

  • The management system of EPI, Viet Nam
  • According to the assignment of Ministry of Health (MoH), the preventive medical facilities in provinces, districts and communes nationwide participate in all EPI activities. National EPI is responsible for making plan on management, organizing and monitoring activities in national, regional, provincial, district and commune levels.

  • Objectives
  • Sustaining the achievement of Polio Eradication programme (no wild polio detected). Maintaining the Neonatal Tetanus Elimination (neonatal tetanus cases remain less than 1/1000 newborn children in every districts). The rate of completed seven antigen immunization for children under one year old reaches over 90%, including BCG, Diphtheria, Pertussis, Tetanus, Polio, Measles and Hepatitis B.

  • General Information
  • The Expanded Programme on Immunization (EPI) firstly implemented in Vietnam in 1981 with the support of World Health Organization (WHO) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF). After a short time for piloting in 1985, EPI was expanded and implemented nationwide. Since 1986, EPI had been considered as one of 6 prioritized national health programs.
Journal of Preventive Medicine

Center for Preventive Health Care and Technical Scientific Service (CPHTS)

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